Do not you think that the "relationship" with the dishwasher is like a violent romance? First, you expect that your life will soon turn into a fairy tale. And then the rose-colored glasses fall off, and you understand that instead of old problems, new ones just appeared. So with the dishwasher, after the first enthusiasm from its acquisition, it is necessary to puzzle how to protect the machine from scale, how not to spoil your favorite dishes, how to get rid of divorces on plates and glasses ...
The first question that appears in the owners of dishwashers, what tools are needed to make it wash dishes.
Powder, rinse and salt
Now, instead of a kitchen sponge and dishwashing liquid, you will have to purchase a whole arsenal of funds to ensure the smooth operation of your unit.
Powder for dishwashers . Contains surfactants, oxidants (for example, percarbonates), enzymes and other components that help get rid of the remains of food on the dishes. So, surfactants improve wettability and bind fats, transferring molecules of fats to a washing solution. Percarbonates oxidize persistent color contaminants and at the same time disinfect the dishes. Enzymes (they are enzymes) complete the purification process, destroying the permanently adhered protein or starch spots. Together, these substances help to achieve the radiant cleanliness of your dishes, without traces and raids from the previous meal.
Also, a good dishwasher powder contains components that bind the salts of magnesium and calcium, because of which scale is formed and surfactants work worse.
Rinser . The dishes in the car wash in a small limited amount of water, and it is this economy, along with the release of time and energy, dishwashers justify their existence. To achieve a perfectly skimmed surface when rinsing a large number of dishes with a small amount of water, apply rinse aid. Due to the final effect of soft surfactants in their composition, the dishes are washed to a squeak, and when dried, drops of water easily drain from its surface. Also, the rinse aid prevents the formation of a salt coating from hard water.
Salt . Despite the presence of components fighting with water hardness, in dishwasher detergents, the machines themselves have built-in water softening systems - ion exchangers. A special resin in their composition captures ions of calcium and magnesium, protecting the internal parts of the unit from scale. But in time all the "free places" on the surface of the ion-exchange resin are occupied, and its regeneration is needed. It is for the recovery of the absorptive capacity of the ion exchanger that salt-sodium chloride is used. Its ions displace magnesium and calcium ions from the surface of the resin, and it is again ready to perform its functions.
Tablets 3 in 1
It may seem that the advertised tablets for dishwashers, especially if they are given the "all in one" title, will save you from having to use all three drugs - powder, rinse and salt. In fact, the composition of the tablets is very similar to the powder for the dishwasher: peroxides, surfactants and enzymes mixed with soda. Just everything is filed in another form. First, the active substances are divided into doses and compressed. In this, someone can find an advantage and convenience. Secondly, the advantages of each individual component are underlined by marketers. But this does not eliminate the need to use a conditioner and salt, otherwise the results of washing are likely to be unsatisfactory, and the machine will be threatened by the formation of scale if it works on hard water.
Both powders and tablets for dishwashers have their disadvantages and advantages. For example, someone may not be sure that he can correctly dosed the powder, and putting a pill in which the required amount of detergent has already been measured, it seems easier. The powder can be crumpled due to improper storage, and the tablet can not dissolve during the wash cycle. For someone important is the convenience of packaging and the appearance of these tools, and for others the key is a safe mix. So here everyone decides, which means to choose.
There are grief in life ...
You expected that by loading the dishes into the car and going to do your own business, you'll get an excellent result in an hour. And opening the dishwasher, disappointed get the spoiled dishes. Of course, some problems are related to the principle of the machine or the properties of the material of the dishes. But many flaws in the quality of washed dishes depend on the detergent and the correctness of its use.
So, let's look at the most common reasons for distress of dishwasher owners, associated with improper use of detergents.
White spots on the dishes, white coating on the inside surface of the machine . Most likely, they are caused by hardness salts. Make sure you set the water hardness regulator correctly. Or maybe you just forgot to fall asleep salt? Remove such a sediment can be with food acids - acetic or citric.
Gray coating . You may have overdosed a detergent or rinse aid, so the remedies were not completely washed away. Well, you'll have to rinse again or wipe the dishes with a solution of vinegar or citric acid. And read the instructions to the dishwasher.
"Rainbow" on the glassware . Often the cause is detergents with silica (SiO2). The same substance leads to the formation of an insoluble scale on the machine parts. Refuse such funds.
Remains of water on the dried dishes . Drops do not flow well if there are residues of fat on the surface. Do not forget to use a conditioner!
At the bottom of the machine there is an insoluble agent or foam . Have you chosen the correct dosage? If it's a pill, can not they dissolve in the chosen wash mode? And if the powder - did not it damp because of improper storage and did not you measure it with a damp spoon, why did it crumble? If there is foam, then most likely you have added too much rinse aid. Or, even worse, they decided to use the liquid for washing dishes by hand.
Rust on metal utensils and internal parts of the machine . It is natural that metals corrode upon contact with an aggressive environment (salts, acids) and with each other. Therefore, you need to reduce these contacts to a minimum, correctly placing the metal dishes and immediately removing it after washing. Try not to spill the salt and do not spill the rinse aid when preparing to work. If this happens, start the prewash cycle.
Consider these points when choosing the means for the dishwasher. Well, also think about the environment and the health of your household: avoid means with phosphates and chlorine. Means of a new generation for the dishwasher as components that soften water, contain soda and citric acid salts instead of phosphates, oxygen bleach instead of chlorine, nonionic surfactants with "green" properties and enzymes for the cleavage of complex contaminants.
Just follow instructions to the dishwasher and detergent to continue to live in harmony with your dishwasher and enjoy the sparkling dishes!